Humans need to be scientifically profiled so the colours and tones which create balance and harmony, and those which create discord, can be determined.
Different colours and tones of human pigmentation absorb and reflect varying levels of radiant energy, thereby defining which colours and tones harmonise and which do not.
There is no current blood test or scientific method to determine and classify the biological colour of a person’s skin, hair and eye pigmentation, and the colours and tones which harmonise.
To scientifically profile human colouring for the purpose of understanding which colours match which colour characteristics, a number of challenges need to be overcome.
There must be a range of three-dimensional colours and tones large enough to include the diversity of all human skin, hair and eye colour, and a process by which they can be identified and classified individually and as a combination.
Human colouring is not definitive; it is organic, biologically alive and in a constant state of change, due to the ageing process and individual lifestyle choices. Therefore, the colour system must be able to organically follow people as they change.
Artificial intelligence is required for full human automation, palette and profile functionality, practical and commercial applications at home, online or in-store and third-party platform integration.
A human colour classification method must be based on the same colour principles which are used across the globe by artists, designers, education and business to classify, identify and match colour.
These colour principles include the colour wheel first created by Sir Isaac Newton, Professor Albert Munsell’s three-dimensional colour tree, and Johannes Itten’s methods of creating and classifying contrast.
The colorDNA system has created scientifically structured three-dimensional human colour palettes for the analysis of skin, hair and eyes, and a full spectrum three-dimensional master colour palette from which a complete range of personalised interactive colours and tones are chosen.
The three elements of hue, value and chroma, referred to within the system as ‘colour qualities’, are used to analyse and classify human colour characteristics, create personalised colour palettes and identify which reflecting colours, tones and contrasts harmonise. Hue identifies the colour; value identifies lightness through to darkness; and chroma identifies the level of characteristic clearness or saturation.
The colorDNA profiling method begins by separating the skin, hair and eyes onto the specific characteristic colour palettes. Each characteristic records a colour score, based on its hue and the hue’s level of value and chroma.
From a person’s unique colour score the principles of colour theory can be applied to determine the range of hues, the level of value and chroma for each hue, and the contrasts and colour combinations which create optimum balance, harmony and positive energy. A colour score will also determine colours that do not match a person’s colouring and, when reflected onto the face, create an unnatural appearance and discord.
The colour qualities from each colour score are graded and described as either dominant, moderate or recessive. The graded skin, hair and eye descriptions are combined, together with the dynamic contrast between each colour characteristic, to name a person’s abstract colour expression and profile.
The colour profile is a functional lifestyle tool, an extension of oneself, a vehicle by which anyone can develop their ‘colour sense’, and navigate confidently through life with the colours which make them look and feel the best they can be.
The colorDNA master palette, from which all personalised colour palettes are created, includes the full spectrum of hues and their levels of value and chroma. If a colour/s which creates balance and harmony is not available on a personalised palette, it can be added.
The personalised colour palettes include colours and neutrals which provide optimal balance and harmony, and a broader range of colours and neutrals which complement and coordinate with the optimum colours and provide moderate balance and harmony with a person’s colour characteristics.
The group of colour tones which provide optimal colour harmony can be identified as a ‘Colour Constellation’. They are most often centred around the colours and tones of a person’s skin, hair and eyes. There may be more than one colour constellation on a person’s colour palette.
Most often the colours within an individual’s colour constellation are of a similar value and level of saturation as their colour characteristics. These colours may find a direct connection with the eyes or hair tone, have the ability to complement a person’s natural colouring and tie all three characteristics together and, most importantly, be seen as one with the individual.
A personalised colour palette won’t change throughout a person’s life; however, considering a unique colour constellation is determined by the colour of an individual’s skin, hair, eyes and the contrast between them, a colour constellation will change as the colour characteristics are digitally updated in the colorDNA system.
Lifestyle and health
Contemporary lifestyle choices can change the colour of skin pigmentation enough to affect how the skin reacts to colour, sometimes producing subtle changes to personal colour harmony.
Lifestyle choices do not alter the hues that suit an individual, but they can enlarge or reduce the level of lightness or darkness and colour and tone saturation which harmonise against the skin, hair and eyes, by absorbing and reflecting different levels of radiant energy.
A healthy lifestyle is the key to healthy skin, hair and eyes and the development of more natural radiant energy. Healthy lifestyle factors include exercise, a balanced diet, the right amount of water and sleep. It also includes simple skin and hair care protection.
The addition of make-up and hair colouring can also produce more or less radiant energy, enhancing or reducing feminine beauty, colour harmony and the range of harmonising colour tones. Tanning can also produce more radiant energy for particular skin types by enhancing colour and providing a more animated and vibrant look. It is, however, imperative to apply sun protection and not overexpose skin to the sun as it can have negative long-term effects.
Unhealthy lifestyle factors include a lack of exercise, inadequate sleep, low water intake, no skin care, alcohol, drugs, smoking or unhealthy food.
An unhealthy lifestyle can lead to unhealthy, sallow, dry or greying skin, as well as flushing and blotching and generally unnatural colouring. Such subtle confusion of the natural colour characteristics draws natural colour from the face and can lead to perceptions of premature ageing. This can upset the natural harmony of colour against the skin.
Daily excesses such as stress, hangovers, tiredness and sickness can have temporary impacts, including changing how colours react to the skin.
If the whites of the eyes have changed colour from white to a reddish or yellow tinge, there will be a minimal effect on overall colour harmony; however, the reddish or yellow tinge can highlight similar red or yellow colours and create an unattractive, unnatural reflection on the skin.
Human colouring becomes darker from birth, with melanin production peaking after puberty. Most people reach their darkest baseline skin and hair colour around the age of 30, after which they begin to pale. Melanin production falls by 10 to 20 per cent each decade after the age of 30, resulting in a loss of intensity in skin, hair and eye colour.
Women experience a further shift in their colour characteristics after passing through menopause. As a result of this hormonal shift, the skin tone often becomes more neutral, and the hair can begin to grey.
The changing colour characteristics affected by ageing lead to a change in the tones and shades that work in harmony with the skin. As the contrast between hair and skin colour reduces, more subtle and cooler palettes become relevant. In general, colour combinations with high contrast become less appropriate.